Help:Rules and instructions

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The only goal of the Encyclopedia of World Subcultures is to create an accurate, comprehensive, free encyclopedia. Here are the generally accepted rules of the Encyclopedia of World Subcultures, which must be followed in order to fulfil this goal. Additional rules and guidelines can be found in the Reference: Rules and guide.

Key principles

Despite the fact that the Reference has language subdivisions there are several provisions that are mandatory for all language sections.

  1. Encyclopedia of world subcultures: - this is an encyclopedia. Information that does not match the format can be moved to another project, such as Wikipedia, or even deleted at all. Additionally, there are other features that determine the essence of the project, including its differences from other encyclopedias. See What is not the Encyclopedia of World Subcultures.
  2. Be unprejudiced. In the Encyclopedia of World Subcultures, articles should consider all possible points of view. See Three points of view.
  3. Respect copyrights. The encyclopedia of world subcultures is created under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported license, that is, a free encyclopedia that can be freely copied and distributed. Adding information that violates copyrights is dissent from this goal of the Encyclopedia of World Subcultures. See Copyrights.
  4. Respect other participants. In the Encyclopedia of World Subcultures, representatives of different subcultures coexist together, and they may have distinct viewpoints. Cooperation in the framework of a mutual respect, as well as adherence to basic rules of politeness is a guarantee of the project’s progress. See Etiquette.

Content of the article


See also: Help:Notability, Help:Verifiability and Help:Authoritative sources

In order that the articles of the Encyclopedia of World Subcultures can be considered encyclopedic ones, they should speak of sufficiently relevant objects. The subject matter is relevant if it is described by multiple non-trivial publications of authoritative and independent sources. All facilities must have a minimum level of required relevance in order to include an article about them in the Encyclopedia of World Subcultures. This requirement includes the necessity for a sufficient number of sources to write a verifiable and encyclopedic article. Article that do not meet the relevance criteria might be submitted for deletion.

Language and Style

  • Articles should be written in literary language and in the scientific style. It is necessary to avoid a officialese and similar "verbiage". Things has to be called by their names as in the Encyclopedia of World Subcultures there is no need to dissemble, hide behind words or imitate seriousness. Even if the source itself is written in a “clumsy” way, bureaucratically or full of empty rhetoric - instead of "significantly worsening of the criminal situation," one should state "increase of crime", instead of "implementing measures to involve the broad strata of the population into conducting mass sports competitions" - "support of mass sports" and so on.
  • Articles are written from a third party. It is acceptable to use "we" in the figures of speech, if in this case the author and his point of view are not meant in person; for instance, in the history articles, "we" might be used in the meaning of modernity as a whole: "The text De re publica has reached us with significant gaps."
  • Articles should be named (if there is the presence of authoritative sources for the title) in the most recognizable way for the majority of native speakers with a minimum of ambiguity.
  • Obscene vocabulary, colloquial words and expressions, slangs are not allowed. Exceptions are dictated by the necessity to clarify the topic of the article

Write impartially and objectively

In the encyclopedia any kind of emotions are superfluous. Describe the phenomena in a neutral manner. If the statement in the article is controversial or is not recognized universally, it must be clearly indicated with a referral to the sources. If there are several different views for the article, then all of them should be stated. Editing of the articles that cause an ambiguous attitude, should be approached with a special care.

Structure of the article

Observe a convenient sequence of narration for the reader, and placement of service marks in the original text of the article. At the beginning of the article, define the term used in the title of the article. Afterwards, without subheading provide one or two paragraphs with a general description of the concept.

Sequence of narration

The articles should tell about:

  • from general to specific
  • from simple to complex
  • in the order of importance, popularity, credibility, size, location
  • in the chronological order - for a historical reference
  • in a thematic order - in hierarchical lists


  • Articles in the Encyclopedia of World Subcultures most often authorial ones, therefore they contain the author's name in the template-card.
  • In discussions (and on the personal discussion page) it is necessary to byline: it makes it easier to follow the conversation. Remember that your discussions are going to be read by other people, since discussions might contain important information about the article.
  • To byline, put four tildes (Max (talk) 13:41, 20 April 2018 (EEST)) - this will stand for a "byline + date + time"; or three tildes (Max (talk)) - which is going to be only a byline without the date and time. It is preferable to set the dates: they make it easier to restore the sequence of messages in case they get mixed. If you are not recognized in the Encyclopedia of World Subcultures as a registered participant, you should indicate your name (or at least a pseudonym).

Use articles in other languages

Use information from a similar article in another language, which are supported with authoritative sources. There are different sections of the Encyclopedia of World Subcultures in three languages ​​English, Russian and Ukrainian, among which, perhaps, you understand some. This is a great way to study a literary foreign language and the subject of interest at the same time. In any case, the verification of the material with an article in another language is not going to be superfluous; it is possible that one will find some flaws in another language version of the article. And the translation of articles will help to create a more complete encyclopedia.

Make Reference

Refer to your article with related articles and section-directories. In the article itself insert hypertext links to other articles, even if those articles are not available yet. It is desirable that before any article can be accessed there are three or four steps from the main page. Do not leave your article as an orphan. Think about which section of the Encyclopedia of World Subcultures will be useful for placement of your article. A short article with a lot of hypertext links can replace a long, simple text, spread in the narrative article which explains each specific term.

It is desirable to refer to other articles of the Encyclopedia of World Subcultures from the context of the article, and to external sources - by means of the mechanism of reference endnotes using templates of the category Templates: References to sources, for example, by means of the template
{{cite web}}
. If a certain source is significant for the article, but it is not related to any particular statement in the article, put a link to it under the heading == References == at the end of the article. Do not insert external links inside the texts of the articles (like this or that [1]), and in the case, when the subject is a certain website, you can use the Template:URL template.

How many links should be inserted for the same word?

The advantage of the article grows with the number of links to it and from it. Certainly, it has to be consistent: design the word as a link, only if it is not known or has an important meaning in the context, for more details see Reference: Internal links. Also, do not repeat the same hypertext link in each repeating word. Usually, only the first occurrence of a word the article is hyperlinked. However, if this article has reference data which is not intended for a sequential reading, then it makes sense to highlight each occurrence of an important link. Or not every word, but the first one after each subhead. General advice: use common sense.

Links for years and dates

Reference to years and dates are equal to wiki-links. Their main purpose is to obtain some additional useful information for the reader. That is, by clicking the link one should get some additional useful information on the topic of the article or that part of the article.

  • It is recommended, where possible, to link not the dates themselves but the thematic dates.
  • General principles of wikification should be followed and excessive wikification should be avoided. In particular, use the principles outlined in the Reference: Internal links.

Remember that wikification is not an end goal, but a method of convenient navigation for the reader in a particular article.


For more information on this see Reference: Article appearance # Date and Time. Dates should be indicated according to the calendar that was in effect at the time of the event described in the article. Dates that follow modern (Gregorian) calendar are indicated in parentheses.

How to create an article

Make sure that such article does not exist

Before creating an article, make sure that there is no similar article with a different title. Please use search option to do this. The search field is on every page: usually in the upper right corner.

If you are certain that there is no article on the topic you chose, you should still check the existence of the article under other titles. To do this, try entering alternative titles for your article in the search box. If such an article exists in English, put a link in it to your article. This is going to ensure the uniqueness of your article (in case of uniqueness of the article in English language).

The actual creation of the article

  • If there is a link to the article, but the article itself is not available, the link is marked with a red color or with a question mark depending on the user's settings. If a red link already exists in an article, then in navigation with it, the browser will immediately open the editing page.
  • To create a new article that is not linked yet, simply request in the browser its future Internet address.
  • But before creating an article, it is advisable to be certain in the existence of references to it. Navigate among thematically related articles, and in case there is no mention of your topic create the links yourself.

Title the article in a proper manner

If the article can titled in different ways use the ones, which is most commonly accepted, and as for other options make redirects from them. If you are not sure which title would be best, read the rules for titles of the articles.

Offensive language

In the Encyclopedia of World Subcultures there is no censorship and forbidden topics, but vernacular and unprintable language are inappropriate in the encyclopedia. In general, follow these rules: 1. Articles in the Encyclopedia of World Subcultures should be written in an emotionless encyclopedic style in which profanity is not justified.

Add illustrations

If possible insert photos, maps, pictures and sound recordings. Correspondingly, in case the file you would like to insert is not in the image database of the Encyclopedia of World Subcultures or Wikimedia Commons Wikipedia [2] yet, the file must be uploaded to the database first, being introduced to the system. For more details on using images, see Reference: Illustrations.

While inserting a photo of personalities in the beginning of the article, if possible, use photos taken in the "facet" or "three-fourths" view. Usage of the photos taken in a profile or from other angles is not recommended. The photo is usually aligned to the right edge of the article, but if the person in the photo is also one the right side (that is, "looks outside"), the photo is aligned to the left. Similar rule applies to animals, as well as vehicles that have the property of being oriented in space. In placing other types of photos at the beginning or in the text of the article use common sense.


It is necessary to design the text in a typographical and not in a typewritten style.

  • For a dash use a dash (—), not a hyphen (-), two hyphens (--), or a short hyphen (-).
  • When specifying numerical intervals - for example in dates - use a dash (—) without spaces: 1941—1945. "Short" or "medium" dashes (-) in Russian typography are not accepted currently, even if the Word tries to convince you otherwise.
  • If you want to specify an accent, use the accent mark and not a bold font, apostrophe or uppercAse lEtter.
  • Use the right single quotation mark (‘) as an apostrophe, rather than a typewritten apostrophe (').
  • Do not replace the ellipsis (...) with three dots (. . .).

The most frequently used special symbols are under the editing window: in order to insert them quickly, leave the text pointer in the right place and click on the symbol you need.

Article Categories

Main article: Reference: Categorization

Categories allow you to logically sort articles by commonality of the content. Besides, in the article itself it is not necessary to list numerous links in the section "See. also", but link only to the most important related pages.

In general, each pages should have a category. The question is about frequency of the categories. Certainly, there are a lot of articles that fall into several categories. Besides, it is desirable that an article does not have categories of different levels of the same hierarchy. In the event that there is a category with the same title as the other article is, then such an article, as a rule, applies only to this category.

It is very simple to assign a category to the article - you need to put, for instance at the end of the article, besides in case this category does not exist yet, it will appear automatically. If you put several categories for an article, then the article will fall under all listed categories. On the service pages Article Categories, there is a list of article categories that exist.

Use templates and create new ones

Templates - is a powerful mechanism of the Encyclopedia of World Subcultures, which allow you to reuse the text you have once created. Templates are most often used for special notes in the articles, for example Template:Stub or Template:Ambiguity, or for navigating within a group of articles on a certain subject. Use templates in articles that are related to pre-existing groups, and create new templates for groups that are not yet available.

Should I create a navigation template?

There's no point in duplicating the category with the navigation template. What should be preferred in this or that situation?

1. Navigation template can be created, if: 1.1. There are a few elements; 1.2. Elements are homogeneous and can be fairly compactly placed on the page (not more than 5 lines) 1.3 the list of these elements is not going to expand significantly over time; 1.4. A direct transition between elements makes sense for the reader.

2. It is better to start a category, if: 2.1. there are a lot of elements; 2.2. elements are not homogeneous; 2.3. elements may form a hierarchy; 2.4. the names of the elements are very long and hard to fit on the page; 2.5. the list of these elements is very likely to expand significantly in the future; 2.6. direct transition between elements is not highly demanded.